Web based registration

Please read the agreements below.

If we're not going to recognise you, please don't waste your time here. Move along

Payment information


News flash:

Older News:

So Verisign decide that the shared registry is overloaded by registrars trying to grab expired domain names as soon as they are released. Their solution is to stop releasing expired domains.
Fair enough, you might think. However, in a strange coincidence Verisign have started offering their SnapBack service, which includes "monitoring the name around the clock, 24/7". Just who is overloading the registry? Look at some utter nonsense from Verisign and be outraged (or just laugh..)
William Walsh wrote a prompt reply to it, and here is our response. Feel free to communicate your feelings on the matter to comments@icann.org.

Please note:

We do not do this for profit; we do this as a service, because NSI sucks and we want a better solution that's sane, and know that many of our friends do as well. All of this comes out of our pockets. We are not a business, nor do we want to be (which is why we do not take credit cards -- we want neither the hassle nor the responsibility of handling your financial data.)

If you are able to use Yahoo PayDirect or Paypal, please send payment for your registrations along with your requests. The costs are:

  • net: $10 per year
  • com/org: $11 per year
  • ca: $18 per year
  • uk: $13 per two years
  • us: $10 per year

If you want to tack on a little extra for infrastructure costs we certainly won't complain. Our Paypal address is registrar@sackheads.org. For PayDirect, use Brian Naylor / brian@sackheads.org.

(paypal now allow international users to obtain accounts)
(paypal also skims 2.9% + 30c per receiving transaction - ($0.59 out of $10))

You may also send antiquated paper checks to the contact address for sackheads.org as listed in the WHOIS database if you absolutely must, but please send an email saying that you have done so.

When requesting a domain, you agree to be bound to the ICANN Uniform Dispute Policy, a copy of which can be found here

When requesting a domain in .co.uk or .org.uk you agree to the UK Registration Agreement and the Nominet Terms and Conditions.

When requesting a domain in .us you agree to the US Registration Agreement.

When requesting a domain in .name you agree to the NAME Registration Agreement.

You also agree to be bound to the following registration agreement: EXHIBIT A

Exhibit A
Registration Agreement


1. IN THIS REGISTRATION AGREEMENT ("Agreement"), “Registrant”, "you" and "your" refers to the Registrant of each domain name registration, "we", “us" and "our" refers to Tucows.com Co., and “Services” refers to the domain name registration services provided by us as offered through sackheads.org, the Registration Service Provider (“Reseller”). Any reference to a “registry,” “Registry” or “Registry Operator” shall refer to the registry administrator of the applicable TLD or ccTLD. This Agreement explains our obligations to you, and explains your obligations to us for the Services. By agreeing to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, you are also agreeing to be bound by the rules and regulations set forth by a registry for that particular registry only.

2. SELECTION OF A DOMAIN NAME. You acknowledge and agree that we cannot guarantee that you will obtain a desired domain name registration, even if an inquiry indicates that a domain name is available at the time of your application for same. You represent that, to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither the registration of the domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used, infringes upon the legal rights of a third party and further, that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose. During the period following registration of a domain name and the appointment of active name servers, we may post a stagnant web page and any revenues generated from same shall be for our own account.

3. FEES. As consideration for the Services, you agree to pay Reseller the applicable service(s) fees prior to the effectiveness of a desired domain name registration or any renewal thereof. All fees payable hereunder are non-refundable even if your domain name registration is suspended, cancelled or transferred prior to the end of your current registration term. As further consideration for the Services, you agree to: (1) provide certain current, complete and accurate information about you as required by the registration process, and (2) maintain and update this information as needed to keep it current, complete and accurate. All such information shall be referred to as account information ("Account Information"). You represent that the Account Information and all other statements put forth in your application are true, complete and accurate. Both Tucows and each registry reserves the right to terminate your domain name registration if: (i) information provided by you or your agent is false, inaccurate, incomplete, unreliable, misleading or otherwise secretive; or (ii) you have failed to maintain, update and keep your Account Information true, current, complete, accurate and reliable. You acknowledge that a breach of this Section 3 will constitute a material breach of our Agreement, which will entitle either us or a registry to terminate this Agreement immediately upon such breach without any refund and without notice to you.

4. TERM. This Agreement will remain in effect during the term of your domain name registration as selected, recorded and paid for at the time of registration or any renewal thereof. Should the domain name be transferred to another registrar, the terms and conditions of this Agreement shall cease.

5. MODIFICATIONS TO AGREEMENT. You acknowledge that the practice of registering and administering domain names is constantly evolving; therefore, you agree that Tucows may modify this Agreement, or any other related and/or applicable agreement, as is necessary to comply with its agreements with ICANN, a registry or any other entity or individual, as well as to adjust to changing circumstances. All amendments to this Agreement will be posted on our website. Your continued use of the domain name registered to you will constitute your acceptance of this Agreement with any revisions. If you do not agree to any change, you may request that your domain name registration be cancelled or transferred to a different accredited registrar. You agree that such cancellation or request for transfer will be your exclusive remedy if you do not wish to abide by any change to this Agreement, or any other related and/or applicable agreement.

6. MODIFICATIONS TO YOUR ACCOUNT. In order to change any of your account information with us, you must use the Account Identifier and Password that you selected when you opened your account with us. You agree to safeguard your Account Identifier and Password from any unauthorized use. In no event shall we be liable for the unauthorized use or misuse of your Account Identifier or Password.

7. NO GUARANTY. You acknowledge that registration or reservation of your chosen domain name does not confer immunity from objection to the registration, reservation or use of the domain name.

8. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTES. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified in the dispute policy adopted by the applicable registry. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the applicable policy. If Tucows is notified that a complaint has been filed with a judicial or administrative body regarding your domain name, Tucows may, at its sole discretion, suspend your ability to use your domain name or to make modifications to your registration records until (i) Tucows is directed to do so by the judicial or administrative body, or (ii) Tucows receives notification by you and the other party contesting your domain that the dispute has been settled. Furthermore, you agree that if you are subject to litigation regarding your registration or use of your domain name, Tucows may deposit control of your registration record into the registry of the judicial body by supplying a party with a registrar certificate from us.

9. POLICY. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to a Tucows, registry, ICANN or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a Tucows, registry, ICANN or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or a registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name.

10. AGENCY. Should you intend to license use of a domain name to a third party you shall nonetheless be the domain name holder of record and are therefore responsible for providing your own full contact information and for providing and updating accurate technical and administrative contact information adequate to facilitate timely resolution of any problems that arise in connection with the domain name. You shall accept liability for harm caused by wrongful use of the domain name. You represent that you will secure the agreement of any third party to the terms and conditions in this Agreement

11. ANNOUNCEMENTS. We reserve the right to distribute information to you that is pertinent to the quality or operation of our services and those of our service partners. These announcements will be predominately informative in nature and may include notices describing changes, upgrades, new products or other information to add security or to enhance your identity on the Internet.

12. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. You agree that our entire liability, and your exclusive remedy, with respect to any Services(s) provided under this Agreement and any breach of this Agreement is solely limited to the amount you paid for the initial registration of your domain name. Tucows and its directors, employees, affiliates, subsidiaries, agents and third party providers, ICANN and the applicable registries shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages resulting from the use or inability to use any of the Services or for the cost of procurement of substitute services. Because some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, in such states, our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law. We disclaim any and all loss or liability resulting from, but not limited to: (1) loss or liability resulting from access delays or access interruptions; (2) loss or liability resulting from data non-delivery or data mis-delivery; (3) loss or liability resulting from acts of God; (4) loss or liability resulting from the unauthorized use or misuse of your account identifier or password; (5) loss or liability resulting from errors, omissions, or misstatements in any and all information or services(s) provided under this Agreement; (6) loss or liability resulting from the interruption of your Service. You agree that we will not be liable for any loss of registration and use of your domain name, or for interruption of business, or any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages.

13. INDEMNITY. You agree to release, indemnify, and hold Tucows, its contractors, agents, employees, officers, directors and affiliates, ICANN, the applicable registries and their respective directors, officers, employees, agents and affiliates harmless from all liabilities, claims and expenses, including attorney's fees, of third parties arising out of or relating to the registration or use of the domain name registered in your name, whether used by yourself, licensed to a third party or pursuant to the Whois Privacy Service, including without limitation infringement by you or a third party with access to your Account Identifier and Password. You also agree to release, indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the applicable Dispute Policy. When we are threatened with suit by a third party, we may seek written assurances from you concerning your promise to indemnify us; your failure to provide those assurances may be considered by us to be a breach of your Agreement and may result in the suspension or cancellation of your domain name. This indemnification obligation will survive the termination or expiration of this Agreement.

14. TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP. The person named as Registrant on the Whois shall be the registered name holder. The person named as Administrative contact at the time the controlling Account Identifier and Password are secured, shall be deemed the designate of the Registrant with the authority to manage the domain name. You agree that prior to transferring ownership of your domain name to another person (the “Transferee") you shall require the Transferee to agree, in writing to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Agreement. If the Transferee fails to be bound in a reasonable fashion (as determine by us in our sole discretion) to the terms and conditions in this Agreement, any such transfer will be null and void.

15. RENEWALS AND FORFEITURE. Domain names are registered for a finite period of time. You will receive reminders immediately prior to the expiration of your registration inviting you to renew your domain name. In the event that you fail to renew your domain name in a timely fashion, your registration will expire and we may, at our discretion, elect to assume the registration and may hold it for our own account, delete it or we may sell it to a third party. You acknowledge and agree that your right and interest in a domain name ceases upon its expiration and that any expired domain name may be made available for registration by a third party.

If you fail to renew your registration, your domain name may cease to resolve and visitors to your site may be redirected to a default page informing them that the site is no longer in service. This parked or default page may feature advertisements posted by us for our own account.

If we have elected to renew the registration, you will be entitled to a grace period during which you may re-register the domain name from us. Additional costs may apply. During this grace period, we may post a parked page and/or may revise the “Whois” registration records to include either our information or that of your Reseller. The domain name may also be listed for auction. If the name is sold during any such auction, it will be acquired by a third party on a provisional basis and will remain available for re-registration by you during our stated grace period. If you do not re-register the domain name during the grace period, the auction sale will be concluded and you will receive a share of the proceeds received from the new registrant. Tucows will send an email to the last address you have provided advising you of the sale and your interest in same. At present, we agree to pay you forty (40) per cent of the net proceeds of any such auction. You will have one (1) year following the issue of the email to claim your share of the proceeds. Any amounts not claimed within one (1) year will be deemed to have been abandoned by you and will be deposited by us for our own account.

If you fail to renew your domain name registration during the grace period, you acknowledge that you have abandoned the domain name and that it is available for sale and registration by any third party.

16. BREACH. You agree that failure to abide by any provision of this Agreement, any operating rule or policy or the Dispute Policy provided by us, may be considered by us to be a material breach and that we may provide a written notice, describing the breach, to you. If within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of such notice, you fail to provide evidence, which is reasonably satisfactory to us, that you have not breached your obligations under the Agreement, then we may delete the registration or reservation of your domain name. Any such breach by you shall not be deemed to be excused simply because we did not act earlier in response to that, or any other breach by you.

17. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. You agree that your use of our Services is solely at your own risk. You agree that such Service(s) is provided on an "as is," "as available" basis. We expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. We make no warranty that the Services will meet your requirements, or that the Service(s) will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor do we make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the Service(s) or as to the accuracy or reliability of any information obtained through the Service or that defects in the Service will be corrected. You understand and agree that any material and/or data downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Service is done at your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of such material and/or data. We make no warranty regarding any goods or services purchased or obtained through the Service or any transactions entered into through the Service. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from us or through the Service shall create any warranty not expressly made herein.

18. INFORMATION. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as such information changes such that our records are current, complete and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information:
(a) your name and postal address (or, if different, that of the domain name holder);
(b) the domain name being registered;
(c) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact for the domain name;
(d) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the billing contact for the domain name; and
(e) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the technical contact for the domain name.
Any voluntary information we request is collected in order that we can continue to improve the products and services offered to you through your Reseller.

19. DISCLOSURE AND USE OF REGISTRATION INFORMATION. You agree and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information you provide available to ICANN, to the registry administrators, law enforcement agencies and to other third parties as applicable. You further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some or all, of the domain name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through our Whois service) or other purposes as required or permitted by ICANN and applicable laws.
(a) You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of, and guidelines, limits and restrictions on disclosure or use of, information provided by you in connection with the registration of a domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration information by us.
(b) You may access your domain name registration information in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us through your Reseller.
(c) We will not process or maintain data about any identified or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement.
(d) We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.


20. OBLIGATION TO MAINTAIN WHOIS. Your wilful provision of inaccurate or unreliable information, your wilful failure promptly to update information provided to us, or any failure to respond to inquiries by us addressed to the email address of the registrant, the administrative, billing or technical contact appearing in the Whois directory with respect to a domain name concerning the accuracy of contact details associated with the registration shall constitute a material breach of this Agreement and be a basis for cancellation of the domain name registration. Any information collected by us concerning an identified or identifiable natural person (“Personal Data”) will be used in connection with the registration of your domain name(s) and for the purposes of this Agreement and as required or permitted by ICANN or an applicable registry policy.

21. REVOCATION. We, in our sole discretion, reserve the right to deny, cancel, suspend, transfer or modify any domain name registration to correct a mistake, protect the integrity and stability of the company and any applicable registry, to comply with any applicable laws, government rules, or requirements, requests of law enforcement, in compliance with any dispute resolution process, or to avoid any liability, civil or criminal. You agree that we shall not be liable to you for loss or damages that may result from our refusal to register or cancel, suspend, transfer or modify your domain name registration.

22. INCONSISTENCIES WITH REGISTRY POLICIES. In the event that this Agreement may be inconsistent with any term, condition, policy or procedure of an applicable registry, the term, condition, policy or procedure of the applicable registry shall prevail.

23. NON-WAIVER. Our failure to require performance by you of any provision hereof shall not affect the full right to require such performance at any time thereafter; nor shall the waiver by us of a breach of any provision hereof be taken or held to be a waiver of the provision itself.

24. NOTICES. Any notice, direction or other communication given under this Agreement shall be in writing and given by sending it via e-mail or via regular mail. In the case of e-mail, valid notice shall only have been deemed to be given when an electronic confirmation of delivery has been obtained by the sender. E-mail notification to Tucows must be sent to lhutz@tucows.com. Any notice to you will be sent to the e-mail address provided by you in your Whois record. Any e-mail communication shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given on the date of such communication, if such date is a business day and such delivery was made prior to 4:00 p.m. EST, otherwise it will be deemed to have been delivered on the next business day. In the case of regular mail notice, valid notice shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given five (5) business days after the date of mailing Postal notices to Tucows shall be sent to:

Tucows.com Co.
Registrant Affairs Office
96 Mowat Avenue
Toronto, Ontario M6K 3M1
CANADA
Attention: Legal Affairs

and in the case of notification to you shall be sent to the address specified in the “Administrative Contact” in your Whois record.

25. ENTIRETY. You agree that this Agreement, the applicable dispute policy and the rules and policies published by Tucows and any applicable registry or other governing authority, are the complete and exclusive agreement between you and us regarding our Services.

26. GOVERNING LAW. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND INTERPRETED AND ENFORCED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF PROVINCE OF ONTARIO AND THE FEDERAL LAWS OF CANADA APPLICABLE THEREIN WITHOUT REFERENCE TO RULES GOVERNING CHOICE OF LAWS. ANY ACTION RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT MUST BE BROUGHT IN ONTARIO AND YOU IRREVOCABLY CONSENT TO THE JURISDICTION OF SUCH COURTS.

27. INFANCY. You attest that you are of legal age to enter into this Agreement.

28. FORCE MAJEURE. You acknowledge and agree that neither we nor the applicable registry shall be responsible for any failures or delays in performing our respective obligations hereunder arising from any cause beyond our reasonable control, including but not limited to, acts of God, acts of civil or military authority, fires, wars, riots, earthquakes, storms, typhoons and floods.

29. PRIVACY. Information collected about you is subject to the terms of Tucows’ privacy policy, the terms of which are hereby incorporated by reference. Tucows’ privacy policy can be found at: http://www.tucows.com/privacy.html

30. CONTROLLING LANGUAGE. In the event that you are reading this Agreement in a language other than the English language, you acknowledge and agree that the English language version hereof shall prevail in case of inconsistency or contradiction in interpretation or translation.

31. TLD’S. The following additional provisions apply to any domain names that you register through Tucows with the various registries:
(a) .com/net Domains: In the case of a “.com” or “.net” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN's Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry; these policies are subject to modification;
(ii) For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
(b) .org Domains: In the case of a “.org” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN's Uniform Dom ain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification;
(ii) For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
(c) .info Domains: In the case of a “.info” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Registrant’s Personal Data. You consent to the use, copying, distribution, publication, modification, and other processing of Registrant’s personal data by Afilias, the .INFO registry, and its designees and agents, in a manner consistent with the purposes specified pursuant to its contract;
(ii) Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN's Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification;
(iii) For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario;
(iv) Reservation of Rights. Tucows and Afilias expressly reserve the right to deny, cancel, transfer, or modify any registration that either registrar or Afilias deems necessary, at its discretion, to protect the integrity and stability of the registry, to comply with any applicable law, any government rule or requirement, any request of law enforcement, any dispute resolution process, or to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on the part of the registrar and/or Afilias, as well as their affiliates, subsidiaries, executives, directors, officers, managers, employees, consultants, and agents. The registrar and Afilias also reserve the right to suspend a domain name or its registration data during resolution of a dispute.
(d) .biz Domains. In the case of a “.biz” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) .biz Restrictions. Registrations in the .biz top-level domain must be used or intended to be used primarily for bona fide business or commercial purposes. For the purposes of the .biz registration restrictions, “bona fide business or commercial use” shall mean the bona fide use or bona fide intent to use the domain name or any content, software, materials, graphics or other information thereon, to permit Internet users to access one or more host computers through the DNS:
(A) to exchange goods, services, or property of any kind;
(B) in the ordinary course of business; or
(C) to facilitate (i) the exchange of goods, services, information or property of any kind; or (ii) the ordinary course of trade or business.
For more information on the .biz restrictions, which are incorporated herein by reference, please see: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/biz/registry-agmt-appl-18apr01.htm.
(ii) Selection of a Domain Name. You represent that:
(A) the data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete, and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, up-to-date and complete;
(B) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;
(C) that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;
(D) the registered domain name will be used primarily for bona fide business or commercial purposes and not (a) exclusively for personal use, or (b) solely for the purposes of (1) selling, trading or leasing the domain name for compensation, or (2) the unsolicited offering to sell, trade or lease the domain name for compensation;
(E) you have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement; and
(F) the registered domain name is reasonably related to your business or intended commercial purpose at the time of registration.
(iii) Provision of Registration Data. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us with certain information and to keep the information true, current, complete, and accurate at all times. The information includes the following:
(A) your full name;
(B) your postal address;
(C) your e-mail address;
(D) your voice telephone number;
(E) your fax number (if applicable);
(F) the name of an authorized person for contact purposes in the case of a registrant that is an organization, association, or corporation;
(G) the IP addresses of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver for the domain name;
(H) the corresponding names of the primary and secondary nameservers;
(I) the full name, postal address, e-mail address, voice telephone number, and, when available, fax number of the administrative, technical, and billing contacts, and the name holder for the domain name; and
(J) any remark concerning the domain name that should appear in the Whois directory.
(K) You agree and understand that the foregoing registration data will be publicly available and accessible on the Whois directory as required by ICANN and/or registry policies, and may be sold in bulk in accordance with the ICANN agreement.
(iv) Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement:
(A) The Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (“Dispute Policy), available at: http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm;
(B) The Restrictions Dispute Resolution Criteria and Rules (“RDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/biz/registry-agmt-appm-27apr01.htm;
(collectively, the “Dispute Policies”).
(v) The Dispute Policy sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between a Registrant and any party other than the Registry or Registrar over the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered by Registrant.
(vi) The RDRP sets forth the terms under which any allegation that a domain name is not used primarily for business or commercial purposes shall be endorsed on a case-by-case, fact specific basis by an independent ICANN-accredited dispute provider.
(vii) For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
(e) .name Domains. In the case of a “.name” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) .name Restrictions. Registrations in the .name top-level domain must constitute an individual’s “Personal Name”. For purposes of the .name restrictions (the “Restrictions”), a “Personal Name” is a person’s legal name, or a name by which the person is commonly known. A “name by which a person is commonly known” includes, without limitation, a pseudonym used by an author or painter, or a stage name used by a singer or actor.
(ii) .name Representations. As a .name domain name registrant, you hereby represent that:
(A) the registered domain name or second level domain (“SLD”) e-mail address is your Personal Name.
(B) the data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, current and complete,
(C) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;
(D) that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;
(E) the registration satisfies the Eligibility Requirements found at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appl-8aug03.htm; and
(F) you have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.
(iii) E-mail Forwarding Services. The Services for which you have registered may, at your option, include e-mail forwarding. To the extent you opt to use e-mail forwarding, you are obliged to do so in accordance with all applicable legislation and are responsible for all use of e-mail forwarding, including the content of messages sent through e-mail forwarding.

You undertake to familiarize yourself with the content of and to comply with the generally accepted rules for Internet and e-mail usage. This includes, but is not limited to the Acceptable Use Policy, available at http://www.nic.name/downloads/aup.pdf as well as the following restrictions. Without prejudice to the foregoing, you undertake not to use e-mail forwarding:
(A) to encourage, allow or participate in any form of illegal or unsuitable activity, including but not restricted to the exchange of threatening, obscene or offensive messages, spreading computer viruses, breach of copyright and/or proprietary rights or publishing defamatory material;
(B) to gain illegal access to systems or networks by unauthorized access to or use of the data in systems or networks, including all attempts at guessing passwords, checking or testing the vulnerability of a system or network or breaching the security or access control without the sufficient approval of the owner of the system or network;
(C) to interrupt data traffic to other users, servers or networks, including, but not restricted to, mail bombing, flooding, Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, wilful attempts to overload another system or other forms of harassment; or
(D) for spamming, which includes, but is not restricted to, the mass mailing of unsolicited e-mail, junk mail, the use of distribution lists (mailing lists) which include persons who have not specifically given their consent to be placed on such distribution list. Users are not permitted to provide false names or in any other way to pose as somebody else when using e-mail forwarding.
(iv) Registry reserves the right to implement additional anti-spam measures, to block spam or mail from systems with a history of abuse from entering Registry’s e-mail forwarding. However, due to the nature of such systems, which actively block messages, Registry shall make public any decision to implement such systems a reasonable time in advance, so as to allow you or us to give feedback on the decision.
(v) You understand and agree that Registry may delete material that does not conform to clause (c) above or that in some other way constitutes a misuse of e-mail forwarding. You further understand and agree that Registry is at liberty to block your access to e-mail forwarding if you use e-mail forwarding in a way that contravenes this Agreement. You will be given prior warning of discontinuation of the e-mail forwarding unless it would damage the reputation of Registry or jeopardize the security of Registry or others to do so. Registry reserves the right to immediately discontinue e-mail forwarding without notice if the technical stability of e-mail forwarding is threatened in any way, or if you are in breach of this Agreement. On discontinuing e-mail forwarding, Registry is not obliged to store any contents or to forward unsent e-mail to you or a third party.
(vi) You understand and agree that to the extent either we and/or Registry is required by law to disclose certain information or material in connection with your e-mail forwarding, either we and/or Registry will do so in accordance with such requirement and without notice to you.
(vii) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the dispute policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. You hereby acknowledge that you have read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement.
(A) the Eligibility Requirements (the “Eligibility Requirements”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appl-8aug03.htm;
(B) the Eligibility Requirements Dispute Resolution Policy (the “ERDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appm-8aug03.htm; and
(C) the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “UDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm.
(viii) The Eligibility Requirements dictate that Personal Name domain names and Personal Name SLD e-mail addresses will be granted on a first-come, first-served basis. The following categories of Personal Name Registrations may be registered: (i) the Personal Name of an individual; (ii) the Personal Name of a fictional character, if you have trademark or service make rights in that character’s Personal Name; (iii) in addition to a Personal Name registration, you may add numeric characters to the beginning or the end of the Personal Name so as to differentiate it from other Personal Names.
(ix) The ERDRP applies to challenges to (i) registered domain names and SLD e-mail address registrations within .name on the grounds that a Registrant does not meet the Eligibility Requirements, and (ii) to Defensive Registrations (as defined by the Registry) within .name.
(x) The UDRP sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between a Registrant and party other than the Registry or Tucows over the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered by a Registrant.
(xi) For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
32. ccTLD’S
(a) .at Domains. In the case of a “.at” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.nic.at/en/service/legal_information/terms_conditions/. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
(b) .be Domains. In the case of a “.be” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.dns.be/en/home.php?n=51. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
(ii) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the .be Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.dns.be/en/home.php?n=53.
(c) .ca Domains. In the case of a “.ca” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy, which is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.cira.ca/en/cat_Dpr.html. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
(ii) Registry Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Registry-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a Registry adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by Tucows or the Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name.
(iii) Transfer of Ownership. Any transfer of ownership in and to a domain name registration shall be affected in accordance with registry policies and procedures.
(iv) Registry Agreement and Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by the Registry’s Registrant Agreement, the Registry’s policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.cira.ca/en/doc_Registrar.html. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry agreement or policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
(v) You acknowledge and agree that the Registry shall not be liable to you for any loss, damage, or expense arising out of the Registry’s failure or refusal to register a domain name, it’s failure or refusal to renew a domain name registration, it’s registration of a domain name, it’s failure or refusal to renew a domain name registration, it’s renewal of a domain name registration, it’s failure or refusal to transfer a domain name registration, it’s transfer of a domain name registration, it’s failure or refusal to maintain or modify a domain name registration, it’s maintenance of a domain name registration, it’s modification of a domain name registration, it’s failure to cancel a domain name registration or it’s cancellation of a domain name registration from the Registry;
(d) .cc Domains. In the case of a “.cc” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.nic.cc/policies/dispute.html. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
(ii) Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at: http://www.enic.cc/en-def-c2689f094aa0/en/policies/policies.shtml. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
(e) .ch Domains. In the case of a “.ch” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
(i) Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.switch.ch/id/terms. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
(ii) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the .ch Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.switch.ch/id/disputes/rules. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
(f) .cn Domains. In the case of a “.cn” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
(i) “Registry” means the China Internet Network Information Center, which is the authority responsible for the administration of the national top-level domain of the People’s Republic of China and the Chinese domain name system;
(ii) “Registry Gateway” means the service provided by the Registry Operator that facilitates the registration of .cn domain names by registrars operating outside of the People’s Republic of China;
(iii) “Registry Operator“ means Neustar, Inc., the company authorized to facilitate the registration of .cn domain names by registrars operating outside of the People’s Republic of China.
(iv) Restrictions. You agree that you shall not register or use a domain name that is deemed by CNNIC to:
(A) be against the basic principles prescribed in the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (“PRC”);
(B) jeopardize national security, leak state secrets, intend to overturn the government or disrupt the integrity of the PRC;
(C) harm national honour and national interests of the PRC;
(D) instigate hostility or discrimination between different nationalities or disrupt the national solidarity of the PRC;
(E) spread rumours, disturb public order or disrupt social stability of the PRC;
(F) spread pornography, obscenity, gambling, violence, homicide, terror or instigate crimes in the PRC;
(G) insult, libel against others and infringe other people’s legal rights and interests in the PRC; or
(H) take any other action prohibited in laws, rules and administrative regulations of the PRC.
(v) Business or Organization Representation. .cn domain name registrations are intended for businesses and organizations and not for individual use. By registering a .cn name, you accordingly represent that you have registered the domain name on behalf or a business or organization. It should be noted that, although .cn policy is permissive in terms of registration, and enforcement is generally in reaction to a complaint (as opposed to proactive review), registrations that are not associated with an organization or business may be subject to deletion. The foregoing prevents an individual from registering a .cn domain name for a business operating as a sole proprietorship.
(vi) Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the CNNIC Domain Name Dispute Policy & Rules for CNNIC Dispute Resolution Policy (“Dispute Policy”), as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement. The Dispute Policy is currently found at: http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1526.htm.
(vii) You acknowledge that, pursuant to the Dispute Policy, Registrars must comply with all reasonable requests from the applicable domain name dispute resolution institutions including the provision of all relevant evidence in any domain name disputes in the specified time frames.
(viii) If we are notified that a complaint has been filed with a judicial or administrative body regarding your use of our domain name registration services, you agree not to make any changes to your domain name record without our prior approval. We may not allow you to make changes to such domain name record until (i) we are directed to do so by the judicial or administrative body, or (ii) we receive notification by you and the other party contesting your registration and use of our domain name registration services that the dispute has been settled. Furthermore, you agree that if you are subject to litigation regarding your registration and use of our domain name registration services, we may deposit control of your domain name record into the registry of the judicial body by supplying a party with a registrar certificate from us.
(ix) Adherence to Policies. You agree to comply with all applicable laws, regulations and policies of the Peoples Republic of China’s governmental agencies and the China Internet Network Information Centre (“CNNIC”), including but not limited to the following rules and regulations:
(A) Provisional Administrative Rules for Registration of Domain Names in China (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1520.htm);
(B) Detailed Implementation Rules for Registration of Domain Names in China (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1522.htm);
(C) Chinese Domain Names Dispute Resolution Policy (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1526.htm); and
(D) CNNIC Implementing Rules of Domain Name Registration (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1503.htm).
You acknowledge that you have read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the policies of the CNNIC, as they may be amended from time to time.
(x) Suspension and Cancellation. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Tucows, Registry Operator, CNNIC or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a CNNIC or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by a party in registering the name, (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name, (3) to protect the integrity and stability of the registry, (4) to comply with any applicable laws, government rules or requirements, requests of aw enforcement, (5) to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on the part of Tucows, Registry Operator or CNNIC, as well as their affiliates, subsidiaries, directors, representatives, employees and stockholders or (6) for violations of this Agreement. Tucows, Registry Operator and CNNIC also reserve the right to “freeze” a domain name during the resolution of a dispute.
(xi) Jurisdiction. For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, (2) where Tucows is located, and (3) the People’s Republic of China.
(xii) Governing Law. For the adjudication of a dispute concerning or arising from use of a .cn domain, such dispute will be governed under the Laws of the Peoples Republic of China.
(g) .de Domains. In the case of a “.de” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Selection of a Domain Name. You represent that:
(A) you have reviewed and have accepted the Registry’s Terms and Conditions and the Registry’s Guidelines and have provided your Reseller with written confirmation of same;you have reviewed and have accepted the Registry’s Terms and Conditions and the Registry’s Guidelines and have provided your Reseller with written confirmation of same;
(B) either you, or the person designated as the administrative contact for the domain name, shall be resident or shall have a branch in Germany;
(C) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party and, further, that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever.
(ii) Domain Name Disputes. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
(iii) Registry Policies. You agree to be bound by the Registry’s Registration Terms and Conditions and the Registration Guidelines. English language translations of the Registry’s documents are provided for convenience; in the event of a discrepancy between the English and the German language agreements, the terms of the German agreement will prevail. The Registry documents may be found at:
English: (A) Registration Terms and Conditions
http://www.denic.de/en/bedingungen.html

(B) Registration Guidelines
http://www.denic.de/en/richtlinien.html

German:

(C) DENIC-Registrierungsbedingungen
http://www.denic.de/de/bedingungen.html

(D) DENIC-Registrierungsrichtlinien
http://www.denic.de/de/richtlinien.html
(h) .eu domains. In the case of a “.eu” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Eligibility Criteria. .eu domain names are available for registration to companies and persons who fulfill the following criteria. As a condition of registration, you accordingly represent that you are:
(A) an undertaking having its registered office, central administration or principal place of business within the European Community;
(B) an organization established within the European Community without prejudice to the application of national law, or
(C) a natural person resident within the European Community.
(ii) Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website. Registration policies of the Registry and the terms and conditions applicable to your .eu registration may be found at: http://www.eurid.eu/en/general/launch. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
(iii) Domain Name Disputes. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
(iv) Sunrise and General Pre-registration Applications. You acknowledge that the submission of a “Sunrise” or a “General Pre-registration Application” does not ensure the registration of the domain name. In the event that your application does not result in a domain name registration, a portion of the registration fee shall be refunded after the deduction of a handling fee, which fee shall be subject to change based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the US dollar and Euro. You agree that your sunrise application shall be subject to the pre-registration policies found at: http://www.eurid.eu/en/general/launch.
(i) .fr Domains. In the case of a “.fr” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Representation of Registrant. .fr domain names are available for registration to companies and persons who fulfill the following criteria. As a condition of registration, you accordingly represent that you are:
(A) A legal entity:
(I) whose head office is in France; (or),
(II) which possess an address in France which is expressly listed in the public electronic databases of the registrars of the commercial courts or the National Statistical and Economic Studies Institute (INSEE), (or),
(III) State institutions or departments, local authorities or associated establishments, (or),
(IV) which own a trademark registered with the National Intellectual Property Institute or own a registered EU or international trademark which expressly includes French territory.
(ii) Administrative Contact. Each registrant must designate an administrative contact to act as a coordinator between the registrant and the Registry. In the case of .fr registrations, the administrative contact must be based in France where it can receive legal and other documents.
(iii) Registry Policies. You agree to be bound by the Registry’s Naming Charter, its registration rules for .fr. English language translations of the Registry’s documents are provided for convenience. The Registry documents may be found at: www.afnic.fr/obtenir/chartes/nommage-fr.
(iv) Domain Name Disputes. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law. The current .fr dispute resolution policy and procedures can be found at http://www.afnic.fr/doc/ref/juridique/parl. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
(j) .it Domains. In the case of a “it” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
(i) Registration Criteria. Registration of an .it name is restricted to subjects belonging to a member state of the European Union. Individuals and associations operating without a VAT number or a fiscal code are limited to a single domain name registration.
(ii) Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.nic.it/NA/regole-naming-curr-engl.txt. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation. Additional policies, including transfer procedures and “netiquette” rules may be found at http://www.nic.it/NA/index-engl.html.
(k) .nl Domains. In the case of a “.nl” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
(i) Registration Criteria. Registration of a .nl domain name is unrestricted save and except that applicants who are not based in the Netherlands or who do not have a registered address in the Netherlands must provide an address in the Netherlands where written documents can be sent to the applicant and where legal summonses can be served.
(ii) Registry Policies. You agree to be bound by the policies of the Registry including but not limited to the Registry’s Registration Regulations. English language translations of the Registry’s documents are provided for convenience and may be found at: http://www.sidn.nl/ace.php/c,728,2679,,,,Regulations_for_registration_of_nl_domain_names.html. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law. The current .nl dispute resolution policy and procedures can be found at http://www.domain-registry.nl/sidn_english/flat/General/Rules/Regulations_for_arbitration_on_.nl_domain_names/index.html. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
(l) .tv Domains. In the case of a “.tv” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another Registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
(ii) Policy . You agree that your registration of the .tv domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any ICANN or government adopted policy, or pursuant to any Registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with an ICANN or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or the applicable Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. You acknowledge that you have reviewed the .tv General Terms of Service which may be found at: http://www.tv/en-def-5066945b5fcc/en/policies/tos.shtml and expressly agree to the terms outlined therein.
(m) .uk Domains. In the case of a .uk registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) “Nominet UK” means the entity granted the exclusive right to administer the registry for .uk domain name registrations.
(ii) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy which is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at: http://www.nominet.org.uk/disputes/drs/policy/. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
(iii) Nominet UK Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Nominet UK-adopted policy, term or condition, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with an Nominet UK-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by a registrar or the registry in registering the name, or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. The current Nominet UK terms and conditions can be found at: http://www.nominet.org.uk/registrants/legal/terms/.

When you submit a request for a domain name registration with Tucows and/or Reseller, you will be entering into two contracts – one contract with Tucows and/or Reseller and one contract with Nominet UK.

Tucows and your Reseller will act as agents on your behalf by submitting your application to Nominet for you, however, you will still be entering into a direct contract between you and Nominet UK. This is a separate contract from this agreement; may be found at http://resellers.tucows.com/contracts/uk/ukterms. Tucows and Reseller must also make you aware that by accepting Nominet’s terms and conditions you are consenting to Nominet using your personal data for a variety of reasons. In particular, your name and address may be published as part of Nominet’s Whois look-up service.
(iv) Transfer of Ownership. Any transfer of ownership in and to a domain name registration shall be affected in accordance with Nominet UK policies and procedures.
(n) .us Domains. In the case of a “.us” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
(i) “DOC” means the United States of America Department of Commerce.
(ii) “.us Nexus Requirement”. Only those individuals or organizations that have a substantive lawful connection in the United States are permitted to register for .usTLD domain names. Registrants in the .usTLD must satisfy the nexus requirement (“Nexus” or “Nexus Requirements”) set out at: http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/ustld_nexus_requirements.pdf.
(iii) Selection of a Domain Name. You certify and represent that:
(A) You have and shall continue to have, a bona fide presence in the United States on the basis of real and substantial lawful contacts with, or lawful activities in, the United States as defined in Section (ii) hereinabove;
(B) The listed name servers are located within the United States;
(C) The data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete, and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, up-to-date and complete;
(D) To the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;
(E) That the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;
(E) You have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.
(iv) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy and the usDRP, as defined below, that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with these policies.
(v) Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement:
(A) The Nexus Dispute Policy (“Dispute Policy), available at: http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/nexus_dispute_policy.pdf. The Dispute Policy will provide interested parties with an opportunity to challenge a registration not complying with the Nexus Requirements.
(B) The usTLD Dispute Resolution Policy (“usDRP”) available at: http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/usdrp.pdf. The usDRP is intended to provide interested parties with an opportunity to challenge a registration based on alleged trademark infringement.
(C) In addition to the foregoing, you agree that, for the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the Registered Name, you shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (i) of your domicile, (ii) where Tucows is located, and (iii) the United States.
(vi) Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Tucows, Registry Operator, the DOC or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a DOC or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or the applicable Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. The Registry Operator’s policies can be found at http://www.neustar.us/policies.
(vii) Indemnity. The DOC shall be added to the parties you have agreed to indemnify in Section 13 hereinabove.
(viii) Information. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as such information changes such that our records are current, complete and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information:
(A) Your full name, postal address, e-mail address and telephone number and fax number (if available) (or, if different, that of the domain name holder);
(B) The domain name being registered;
(C) The name, postal address, e-mail address, and telephone number and fax number (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact, the technical contact and the billing contact for the domain name;
(D) The IP addresses and names of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver(s) for the domain name;
(ix) In addition to the foregoing, you will be required to provide additional Nexus Information. The Nexus Information requirements are set out at http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/ustld_nexus_requirements.pdf.

Any other information, which we request from you at registration, is voluntary. Any voluntary information we request is collected for the purpose of improving the products and services offered to you through your Reseller.
(x) Disclosure and Use of the Registration Information. You agree and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information you provide available to the DOC, to the Registry Operator, and to other third parties as applicable. You further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some, or all, of the domain name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through our Whois service) or other purposes as required or permitted by the DOC and applicable laws.
You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of information provided by you in connection with the registration of a domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration information by us.

You may access your domain name registration information in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us through your Reseller.

We will not process data about any identified or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement.

We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized accessor disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.
33. WHOIS PRIVACY SERVICE. The following terms and conditions will apply if you subscribe to the Whois Privacy Service:
(a) Subscribers to the Whois Privacy Service have elected to include the following information in the publicly available Whois Registry:
(i) Contactprivacy.com shall appear as the Registrant and Contacts name(s);
(ii) Tucows’ postal address and a Tucows assigned email address and telephone number shall appear on behalf of the Registrant and the Contact(s);
(iii) The primary and secondary nameservers shall be those designated by the Registrant;
(iv) The original date of registration and the expiration of each domain name;
(v) Tucows will be identified as the registrar of record.
(b) You understand and agree that the Registrant and Contact Information that you have provided will be kept on file. You further agree and warrant that you will ensure that the Whois Information is true, accurate and up to date.
(c) You will will retain complete control over the domain name and its registration records and may suspend and reinstate the Whois Privacy Service at your discretion.
(d) The Whois Privacy Service may be used with both new and existing domain name registrations. You may use the Whois Privacy Service with respect to a domain name that has been transferred but it will only commence after the transfer has been completed. If you wish to transfer the domain name to a different registrar,the Whois Privacy Service must be disabled in order to initiate the transfer.
(e) We will send all obligatory renewal and transfer related messages to the Contacts you have designated.
(f) Communications Forwarding. Communications received with respect to a particular domain name registration will be handled as follows:
(i) We will forward to you or a Contact all correspondence received by registered mail or traceable courier. This information may be opened, scanned and emailed to you or your Contact.. Regular postal mail will be discarded or returned to sender at our discretion.
(ii) Email correspondence will be forwarded according to the instructions of the Registrant as they appear in our records.
(iii) A voice mail message will advise all callers that inbound messages will not be accepted; calls will be directed to the contactprivacy.com web site where written messages will be forwarded according to your instructions.
(iv) We will only be responsible for forwarding communications where our details have appeared in the whois and when your Whois Information is accurate, complete and up to date.
(g) Right to Suspend and Disable. We shall have the right, at our sole discretion and without liability to you or any of your Contacts, suspend or cancel your domain name and to reveal Registrant and Contact Whois Information in certain circumstances, including but not limited to the following:
(i) when required by law;
(ii) in the good faith belief that disclosure is necessary to further determination of an alleged breach of a law;
(iii) to comply with a legal process served upon Tucows;
(iv) to resolve any and all third party claims including but not limited to ICANN’s or a Registry’s dispute resolution policy;
(v) to avoid financial loss or legal liability
(v) to avoid financial loss or legal liability
(vi) if we believe that you or one of your Contacts is using the Whois Privacy Service to conceal involvement with illegal, illicit, objectionable or harmful activities; or
(vii) to transmit SPAM, viruses, worms or other harmful computer programs.
(h) You understand and agree that, in the event that we receive a formal complaint, notice of claim or UDRP, that we will have the right to disable the Whois Privacy Service pending final disposition of the matter.
ACCEPTANCE OF AGREEMENT. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ALL ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS. YOU HAVE INDEPENDENTLY EVALUATED THE DESIRABILITY OF THE SERVICE AND ARE NOT RELYING ON ANY REPRESENTATION AGREEMENT, GUARANTEE OR STATEMENT OTHER THAN AS SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT.

UK Registration Agreement

In order that a party may hold a valid .co uk or .org uk domain name registration, TUCOWS, requires that all registrants adhere to certain terms and conditions. As an organisation or individual applying to register, transfer or renew an .uk domain name via the agency of sackheads.org and/or TUCOWS you accordingly agree as follows:

1. AGREEMENT. In this Registration Agreement ("Agreement") , "we", us" and "our" refer to TUCOWS Inc. and "Services" refers to the domain name registration, transfer or renewal services provided by us as offered through sackheads.org, the Registration Service Provider ("RSP"). NOMINET UK shall refer to the entity granted the exclusive right to administer the registry for .uk domain name registrations.

2. SELECTION OF A DOMAIN NAME. You represent that, to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither the registration of the domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly used infringes the legal rights of a third party and that the domain name is not being registered for any unlawful purpose.

3. FEES. As consideration for the Services you have selected, you agree to pay to us, or your respective RSP who remits payment to us on your behalf, the applicable fees. All fees payable hereunder are non-refundable. As further consideration for the Services, you agree to: (1) provide certain current, complete and accurate information about you as required by the registration process and (2) maintain and update this information as needed to keep it current, complete and accurate. All such information shall be referred to as account information ("Account Information"). You, by completing and submitting this Agreement represent that the statements in your application are true.

4. TERM. You agree that this Agreement will remain in full force during the term of your domain name registration as selected, recorded, and paid for upon registration of the domain name. Should you choose to renew the term of your domain name registration, then the term of this Agreement will be extended accordingly. Should you transfer your domain name or should the domain name otherwise be transferred to another Registrar, the terms and conditions of this contract shall cease and shall be replaced by the contractual terms in force between domain name registrants and the new Registrar.

5. MODIFICATIONS TO AGREEMENT. You agree, during the period of this Agreement, that we may: (1) revise the terms and conditions of this Agreement; and (2) change the services provided under this Agreement. Any such revision or change will be binding and effective immediately on posting of the revised Agreement or change to the service(s) on our web site, or on notification to you by e-mail or regular mail as per the Notices section of this agreement. You agree to review our web site, including the Agreement, periodically to be aware of any such revisions. If you do not agree with any revision to the Agreement, you may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing us with notice by e-mail or regular mail as per the Notices section of this agreement. Notice of your termination will be effective on receipt and processing by us. You agree that, by continuing to use the Services following notice of any revision to this Agreement or change in service(s), you shall abide by any such revisions or changes. You further agree to abide by the NOMINET UK dispute resolution policy ("Dispute Policy") as amended from time to time. You agree that, by maintaining the reservation or registration of your domain name after modifications to the Dispute Policy become effective, you have agreed to these modifications. You acknowledge that if you do not agree to any such modifications, you may request that your domain name be deleted from the domain name database.

6. MODIFICATIONS TO YOUR ACCOUNT. In order to change any of your account information with us, you must use your account identifier and password that you selected when you opened your account with us. Please safeguard your account identifier and password from any unauthorized use. In no event will we be liable for the unauthorized use or misuse of your account identifier or password.

7. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTE POLICY. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy which is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at
http://www.nic.uk/ref/drs.html. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.

8. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTES. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified in the Dispute Policy in effect at the time of the dispute. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the Dispute Policy.

9. NOMINET UKPOLICY. You agree that your registration of thedomain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any NOMINET UK-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with an NOMINET UK-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by a registrar or the registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name.

10. AGENCY. Should you intend to license use of a domain name to a third party you shall nonetheless be the domain name registrant of record and are therefore responsible for providing your own full contact information and for providing and updating accurate technical and administrative contact information adequate to facilitate timely resolution of any problems that arise in connection with the domain name. You shall accept liability for harm caused by wrongful use of thedomain name. You also represent that you have provided notice of the terms and conditions in this Agreement to the third party and that the third party agrees to the terms of Disclosure and Use of Registration Information (sections 18 and 19 of this Agreement).

11. ANNOUNCEMENTS. We and the RSP reserve the right to distribute information to you that is pertinent to the quality or operation of our services and those of our service partners. These announcements will be predominately informative in nature and may include notices describing changes, upgrades, new products or other information to add security or to enhance your identity on the Internet.

12. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. You agree that our entire liability, and your exclusive remedy, with respect to any Services(s) provided under this Agreement and any breach of this Agreement is solely limited to the amount you paid for such Service(s). We and our contractors shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages resulting from the use or inability to use any of the Services or for the cost of procurement of substitute services. Because some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, in such jurisdictions, our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law. We disclaim any and all loss or liability resulting from, but not limited to: (1) loss or liability resulting from access delays or access interruptions; (2) loss or liability resulting from data non-delivery or data mis-delivery; (3) loss or liability resulting from acts of God; (4) loss or liability resulting from the unauthorized use or misuse of your account identifier or password; (5) loss or liability resulting from errors, omissions, or misstatements in any and all information or services(s) provided under this Agreement; (6) loss or liability resulting from the interruption of your Service. You agree that we will not be liable for any loss of registration and use of your domain name, or for interruption of business, or any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages.

13. INDEMNITY. You agree to release, indemnify, and hold us, our contractors, agents, employees,officers, directors and affiliates harmless from all liabilities, claims and expenses, including attorney's fees, from claims by third parties relating to or arising under this Agreement, the Services provided hereunder or your use of the Services, including without limitation infringement by you, or someone else using the Service with your computer, of any intellectual property or other proprietary right of any person or entity, or from the violation of any of our operating rules or policy relating to the service(s) provided. You also agree to release, indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the Dispute Policy. When we are threatened with suit by a third party, we may seek written assurances from you concerning your promise to indemnify us; your failure to provide those assurances may be considered by us to be a breach of your Agreement and may result in deactivation of your domain name.

14. TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP. Any transfer of ownership in and to a domain name registration shall be affected in accordance with NOMINET UK policies and procedures.

15. BREACH. You agree that failure to abide by any provision of this Agreement, any operating rule or policy or the Dispute Policy, may be considered by us to be a material breach and that we may provide a written notice, describing the breach, to you. If within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of such notice, you fail to provide evidence, which is reasonably satisfactory to us, that you have not breached your obligations under the Agreement, then we may delete the registration or reservation of your domain name. Any such breach by you shall not be deemed to be excused simply because we did not act earlier in response to that, or any other, breach by you.

16. NO GUARANTY. You agree that, by registration or reservation of your chosen domain name, such registration or reservation does not confer immunity from objection to either the registration, reservation, or use of the domain name.

17. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. You agree that your use of our Services is solely at your own risk. You agree that such Service(s) is provided on an "as is," "as available" basis. We expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. We make no warranty that the Services will meet your requirements, or that the Service(s) will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor do we make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the Service(s) or as to the accuracy or reliability of any information obtained through the Service or that defects in the Service will be corrected. You understand and agree that any material and/or data downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Service is done at your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of such material and/or data. We make no warranty regarding any goods or services purchased or obtained through the Service or any transactions entered into through the Service. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from us or through the Service shall create any warranty not expressly made herein.

18. INFORMATION. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as such information changes such that our records are current, complete and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information: (i) Your name and postal address (or, if different, that of the domain name holder); (ii) The domain name being registered; (iii) The name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact for the domain name; (iv) The name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the billing contact for the domain name. Any voluntary information we request is collected such that we can continue to improve the products and services offered to you through your RSP.

19. DISCLOSURE AND USE OF REGISTRATION INFORMATION. You agree and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information you provide available to NOMINET UK, to the registry administrators, and to other third parties as NOMINET UK and applicable laws may require or permit. You further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some, or all, of the domain name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through our WHOIS service) or other purposes as required or permitted by NOMINET UK and the applicable laws. You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of, and guidelines, limits and restrictions on disclosure or use of, information provided by you in connection with the registration of a domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration information by us. You may access your domain name registration information in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us through your RSP. We will not process data about any identified or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement. We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized accessor disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information

20. REVOCATION. Your willful provision of inaccurate or unreliable information, your willful failure promptly to update information provided to us, or your failure to respond for over fifteen calendar days to inquiries by us concerning the accuracy of contact details associated with the your registration shall constitute a material breach of this Agreement and be a basis for cancellation of the domain name registration.

21. RIGHT OF REFUSAL. We, in our sole discretion, reserve the right to refuse to register or reserve your chosen domain name or register you for other Services within thirty (30) calendar days from receipt of your payment for such services. In the event we do not register or reserve your domain name or register you for other Services, or we delete your domain name or other Services within such thirty (30) calendar day period, we agree to refund your applicable fee(s). You agree that we shall not be liable to you for loss or damages that may result from our refusal to register, reserve, or delete your domain name or register you for other Services.

22. SEVERABILITY. You agree that the terms of this Agreement are severable. If any term or provision is declared invalid or unenforceable, that term or provision will be construed consistent with applicable law as nearly as possible to reflect the original intentions of the parties, and the remaining terms and provisions will remain in full force and effect.

23. NON-AGENCY. Nothing contained in this Agreement or the Dispute Policy shall be construed as creating any agency, partnership, or other form of joint enterprise between the parties.

24. NON-WAIVER. Our failure to require performance by you of any provision hereof shall not affect the full right to require such performance at any time thereafter; nor shall the waiver by us of a breach of any provision hereof be taken or held to be a waiver of the provision itself.

25. NOTICES. Any notice, direction or other communication given under this Agreement shall be in writing and given by sending it via e-mail or via regular mail. In the case of e-mail, valid notice shall only have been deemed to have been given when an electronic confirmation of delivery has been obtained by the sender. In the case of e-mail notification to us or to the RSP to lhutz@tucows.com or registrar@sackheads.org or, in the case of notice to you, at the e-mail address provided by you in your WHOIS record. Any e-mail communication shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given on the date of such communication, if such date is a business day and such delivery was made prior to 4:00 p.m. EST, otherwise it will be deemed to have been delivered on the next business day. In the case of regular mail notice, valid notice shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given 5 business days after the date of mailing and, in the case of notification to us or to the RSP shall be sent to:

TUCOWS Inc.
Registrant Affairs Office
96 Mowat Avenue
Toronto, Ontario
M6K 3M1

OR -

307 Thacher St
Milton
MA
US 02186


and in the case of notification to you shall be to the address specified in the "Administrative Contact" in your WHOIS record.

26. ENTIRETY. You agree that this Agreement, the rules and policies published by us and the Dispute Policy are the complete and exclusive agreement between you and us regarding our Services. This Agreement and the Dispute Policy supersede all prior agreements and understandings, whether established by custom, practice, policy or precedent.

27. GOVERNING LAW. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND INTERPRETED AND ENFORCED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF PROVINCE OF ONTARIO AND THE FEDERAL LAWS OF CANADA APPLICABLE THEREIN WITHOUT REFERENCE TO RULES GOVERNING CHOICE OF LAWS. ANY ACTION RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT MUST BE BROUGHT IN ONTARIO AND YOU IRREVOCABLY CONSENT TO THE JURISDICTION OF SUCH COURTS.

28. INFANCY. You attest that you are of legal age to enter into this Agreement.

29. INCONSISTENCIES WITH NOMINET UK. In the event that this Agreement may be inconsistent with any term, condition , policy or procedure of NOMINET UK, the term, condition, policy or procedure of NOMINET UK shall prevail.

30. ACCEPTANCE OF AGREEMENT. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ALL ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS. YOU HAVE INDEPENDENTLY EVALUATED THE DESIRABILITY OF THE SERVICE AND ARE NOT RELYING ON ANY REPRESENTATION AGREEMENT., GUARANTEE OR STATEMENT OTHER THAN AS SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT.

Nominet Terms and Conditions

In order that a party may hold a valid .co .uk or .org .uk domain name registration, NOMINET UK, the entity granted the exclusive right to administer the. registry for .uk domains, requires that all organisations or individuals applying to register, transfer or renew a .uk domain name ("Customer(s)") adhere to the following terms and conditions. As a Customer, you accordingly agree as follows:

1. NOMINET UK's Rules For The .uk Domain And Sub-Domains and the procedures of NOMINET UK's
Dispute Resolution Service, in each case as amended from time to time, form part of the contract. Copies of those Rules and procedures may also be obtained directly from NOMINET UK.

2. If the Customer uses an agent for payment of fees, NOMINET UK will first seek payment from the agent; but if the agent does not pay the fees for whatever reason, NOMINET UK will have the right to recover the fees from the Customer.

3. The Customer (or the transferee, as the case may be) will:

3.1 except where this is the responsibility of the Customer's agent) obtain the consent of individuals whose personal data are to be held on the Register of .UK Domain Names to the access referred to in Clause 7.10 below;

3.2 pay the initial registration fee to NOMINET UK within one month after the issue of NOMINET UK's invoice;

3.3 sign and return the reply form attached to the Registration Certificate, issued by NOMINET UK under clause 4.2 below, confirming the Customer's acceptance of these terms and conditions;

3.4 promptly notify NOMINET UK of any change to its registered details, including where an agent is appointed, any change to the agent's details; and

3.5 promptly notify NOMINET UK of any actual or threatened proceedings brought in respect of the name used as a Domain Name whether by or against the Customer.

4. NOMINET UK will:

4.1 process the application and consider whether to accept or reject it in accordance with the criteria laid down in NOMINET UK's Rules For The .uk Domain And Sub-Domains in force at the time of the application for registration.

4.2 (if the application is accepted) enter the Domain Name and other relevant details in the Register of .uk Domain Names as a pending registration, and, on receipt of the fee, issue a Registration Certificate to the Customer; if the application is not accepted, NOMINET UK will notify the Customer or the agent and return any payments received;

4.3 convert the pending registration to a full registration on receipt of both the initial registration fee and the correctly completed reply form attached to the Registration Certificate; and

4.4 (subject to clause 11 below) on receipt of the Registration Certificate, the correctly completed Transfer of Registration on the reverse of the Certificate and the transfer fee applicable at the time of the transfer, register the details of a transferee of the Domain Name registration.
5. The initial registration period is two years from the date of the application for registration. Thereafter, the registration may be renewed indefinitely for further periods of one or more years, on payment of the renewal fees applicable from time to time, and subject to clause 11 below.

6. The Customer (either directly or via an agent) may surrender the registration of the Domain Name by notice in writing to NOMINET UK at any time prior to issue of a Registration Certificate and on issue of the Certificate for that Domain Name, by sending to NOMINET UK the Certificate and the correctly completed Surrender of Registration (on the reverse of the Certificate). No other method of surrender is permitted after issue of a Certificate. Once the Domain Name and the Customer's details have been entered in the Register of .UK Domain Names as a full registration no refund of fees will be payable by NOMINET UK.

7. NOMINET UK is entitled to register Domain Names on a first come, first served basis, whether or not it has received payment for their registration; and, until NOMINET UK has confirmed it as a pending registration, there is no guarantee that the Domain Name applied for will be entered in the Register as such. Customers are advised not to take any action in respect of the registration of a Domain Name before it becomes a full registration.

7.1 If payment and the correctly completed reply form attached to the Registration Certificate are not received by NOMINET UK, NOMINET UK is entitled to cancel the pending registration by notice in writing to the Customer or the agent.

7.2 NOMINET UK may cancel the registration or suspend the delegation of a Domain Name in exceptional circumstances by notice in writing to the Customer or the agent. Exceptional circumstances include, in particular: where to maintain the registration would put NOMINET UK in conflict with statutory obligations or the terms of a Court Order, or where the registration or use of the Domain Name conflicts with NOMINET UK's Rules For The .uk Domain And Sub-Domains in force from time to time.

7.3 NOMINET UK does not accept any responsibility for the use of any Domain Name on the Register of .UK Domain Names and in particular for any conflict with trade marks, registered or unregistered, or with rights to names in other contexts. A Registration Certificate is not intended to be evidence of ownership of the name used as a Domain Name.

7.4 NOMINET UK will use its reasonable endeavours to ensure that the appropriate details of the Customer's registration are correctly entered and maintained in the Register of .UK Domain Names. All conditions and warranties which may be implied (by law or as a result of prior negotiations) into the contract between NOMINET UK and the Customer are excluded to the extent permitted by law. In no circumstances will NOMINET UK be liable for any loss of profit, business or anticipated savings suffered by the Customer.

7.5 NOMINET UK's liability to the Customer under the contract or otherwise (including liability for negligence) is limited to 125% of the registration fees paid in respect of a particular period of registration.

7.6 The Customer warrants to NOMINET UK that the details submitted by the Customer to NOMINET UK are true and correct, and that future additions or alterations to those details will be true and correct.

7.7 The Customer warrants to NOMINET UK that neither the registration of the Domain Name nor the manner in which the Domain Name is directly or indirectly used infringes the legal rights of a third party. NOMINET UK's remedies under this warranty will continue to be available after completion of the registration process and notwithstanding any subsequent surrender, cancellation or transfer of the registration of the Domain Name.

7.8 The Customer indemnifies NOMINET UK and each of the members of its Council of Management against any claim that the registration of the Domain Name or the manner in which the Domain Name is directly or indirectly used infringes the legal rights of any third party (except for claims arising from NOMINET UK's negligence or breach of the terms of the contract); and indemnifies them against the reasonable costs and expenses, however they may arise, incurred in defending or dealing with such a claim.

7.9 The Register of .UK Domain Names will include the names of the Customer and the Administrative Contact and other details relating to them. This information (if it refers to individuals) is 'personal data' for the purposes of data protection legislation. NOMINET UK may allow other organisations and members of the public to access the data for the purpose of obtaining information about the registration of the Domain Name or any other related purpose.

8. The restrictions and indemnities in clause 7 above are considered to be reasonable in the context of NOMINET UK's status as a not-for-profit company limited by guarantee that is performing a service on a cost-recovery basis.

9. If any clause of these terms and conditions is held to be invalid or unenforceable in whole or in part, the invalid or unenforceable wording shall be deemed to be omitted.

10. The contract may be assigned by NOMINET UK. The Customer may assign the contract subject to any change made pursuant to clause 11 below, and transfer the registration of the Domain Name, by sending to NOMINET UK the Registration Certificate, the correctly completed Transfer of Registration on the reverse of the Certificate and the transfer fee applicable at the time of the transfer. No other method of transfer is permitted.

11. NOMINET UK may change the terms and conditions of the contract on renewal or transfer of the registration of the Domain Name. All transfers and renewals will be made under NOMINET UK's Terms &; Conditions for the Registration of Domain Names current at the time of the transfer or renewal and, in the case of a transfer, as agreed by the Transferor.

12. Any notice to be given under the contract shall only be deemed to be served if delivered by hand or sent by pre-paid post, by fax or e-mail, to the party to whom it is given at its last known postal or e-mail address or fax number. The notice will be effective: if delivered, on delivery; if sent by fax or e-mail, when the sender receives confirmation of receipt; and if sent by post, on the fourth day after posting.

13. These terms and conditions, together with the Rules and procedures referred to in clause 1 above, constitute the entire agreement between NOMINET UK and the Customer for the registration of the Domain Name, and supersede all prior agreements, understandings and representations whether oral or written. Subject to clause 11 above, no variation may be made to the contract unless it is in writing and signed by authorized representatives of the Customer and NOMINET UK.

14. The contract shall be governed by English law, and the Customer and NOMINET UK submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts.

US Registration Agreement


SCHEDULE A
Form of Registration Agreement


1. AGREEMENT. In this Registration Agreement ("Agreement") "Registrant", "you" and "your" refer to the registrant of each domain name registration, "we", "us" and "our" refer to TUCOWS Inc., "Registry Operator" refers to NeuStar Inc., "DOC" refers to the United States of America Department of Commerce, and "Services" refers to the domain name registration provided by us as offered through sackheads.org ("RSP"). This Agreement explains our obligations to you, and explains your obligations to us for various Services.

2. .us NEXUS REQUIREMENT. Only those individuals or organizations that have a substantive lawful connection in the United States are permitted to register for .usTLD domain names. Registrants in the .usTLD must satisfy the nexus requirement ("Nexus" or "Nexus Requirements") set out at
http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/ustld_nexus_requirements.pdf

3. SELECTION OF A DOMAIN NAME. You certify and represent that:
  1. You have and shall continue to have, a bona fide presence in the United States on the basis of real and substantial lawful contacts with, or lawful activities in, the United States as defined in Section 2 hereinabove.
  2. The listed name servers are located within the United States;
  3. The data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete, and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, up-to-date and complete;
  4. To the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;
  5. That the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;
  6. You have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.


4. FEES. As consideration for the Services you have selected, you agree to pay the RSP the applicable service(s) fees. All fees payable hereunder are non-refundable. As further consideration for the Services, you agree to: (1) provide certain current, complete and accurate information about you as required by the registration process and (2) maintain and update this information as needed to keep it current, complete and accurate. All such information shall be referred to as account information ("Account Information"). By submitting this Agreement, you represent that the statements in your Application are true, complete and accurate.

5. TERM. This Agreement shall remain in full force during the length of the term of your domain name registration(s) as selected, recorded, and paid for upon registration of the domain name. Should you choose to renew or otherwise lengthen the term of your domain name registration, then the term of this Registration Agreement shall be extended accordingly. Should the domain name be transferred to another Registrar, the terms and conditions of this contract shall cease.

6. MODIFICATIONS TO AGREEMENT. You agree that we may: (1) revise the terms and conditions of this Agreement; and (2) change the services provided under this Agreement. You agree to be bound by any such revision or change which shall be effective immediately upon posting on our web site or upon notification to you by e-mail or your country's postal service pursuant to the Notices section of this Agreement. You agree to review this Agreement as posted on our web site periodically to maintain an awareness of any and all such revisions. If you do not agree with any revision to the Agreement, you may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing us with notice by e-mail or postal service pursuant to the Notices section of this Agreement. Notice of your termination shall be effective after processing by us. You agree that, by continuing the use of Services following notice of any revision to this Agreement or change in service(s), you shall be bound by any such revisions and changes. You acknowledge that if you do not agree to any such modifications, you may request that your domain name be deleted from the domain name database. We will not refund any fees paid by you if you terminate your agreement with us.

7. MODIFICATIONS TO YOUR ACCOUNT. You shall maintain your own records appropriate to document and prove the initial registration date of the domain name. In order to change any of your account information with us, you must use your Account Identifier and Password that you selected when you opened your account with us. You agree to safeguard your Account Identifier and Password from any unauthorized use. In no event shall we be liable for the unauthorized use or misuse of your Account Identifier or Password.

8. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTE POLICY. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy and the usDRP, as defined below, that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with these policies.

9. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTES. You acknowledge having read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement:
  1. The Nexus Dispute Policy ("Dispute Policy), available at http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/ustld_nexus_requirements.pdf. The Dispute Policy will provide interested parties with an opportunity to challenge a registration not complying with the Nexus Requirements.
  2. The usTLD Dispute Resolution Policy ("usDRP"). The usDRP is intended to provide interested parties with an opportunity to challenge a registration based on alleged trademark infringement. In addition to the foregoing, you agree that, for the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the Registered Name, you shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (i) of your domicile,
  3. where Tucows is located, and
  4. the United States.
10. POLICY. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Tucows, Registry Operator, the DOC or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a DOC or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or the applicable Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. The Registry Operator's policies can be found at http://www.neustar.us/policies.

11. AGENCY. Should you intend to license use of a domain name to a third party you shall nonetheless be the domain name holder of record and are therefore responsible for providing your own full contact information and for providing and updating accurate technical and administrative contact information adequate to facilitate timely resolution of any problems that arise in connection with the domain name. You shall accept liability for harm caused by wrongful use of the domain name. You represent that you have provided notice of the terms and conditions in this Agreement to a third party licensee and that the third party agrees to the terms hereof. You acknowledge and agree that the domain name has not been registered solely for the purposes of selling, trading or leasing for compensation and will be used for a business or commercial purpose.

12. ANNOUNCEMENTS. We reserve the right to distribute information to you that is pertinent to the quality or operation of our services and those of our service partners. These announcements will be predominately informative in nature and may include notices describing changes, upgrades, new products or other information to add security or to enhance your identity on the Internet.

13. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. You agree that our entire liability, and your exclusive remedy, with respect to any Services(s) provided under this Agreement and any breach of this Agreement is solely limited to the amount you paid for such Service(s). Neither we nor our contractors or third party beneficiaries shall be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages resulting from the use or inability to use any of the Services or for the cost of procurement of substitute services. Because some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, in such jurisdictions, our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law. We disclaim any and all loss or liability resulting from, but not limited to: (1) loss or liability resulting from access delays or access interruptions; (2) loss or liability resulting from data non-delivery or data miss-delivery; (3) loss or liability resulting from acts of God; (4) loss or liability resulting from the unauthorized use or misuse of your account identifier or password; (5) loss or liability resulting from errors, omissions, or misstatements in any and all information or services(s) provided under this Agreement; (6) loss or liability resulting from the interruption of your Service. You agree that we will not be liable for any loss of registration and use of your domain name, or for interruption of business, or any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages. In no event shall our maximum liability exceed five hundred ($500.00) dollars.

14. INDEMNITY. You agree to release, indemnify, and hold us, the Registry Operator, the DOC, our respective contractors, agents, employees, officers, directors, affiliates and third party beneficiaries harmless from all liabilities, claims and expenses, including attorney's fees, of third parties relating to or arising under this Agreement, the Services provided hereunder or your use of the Services, including without limitation infringement by you, or someone else using the Service of any intellectual property or other proprietary right of any person or entity, or from the violation of any of our operating rules or policy relating to the Service(s) provided. You also agree to release, indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the Dispute Policy. When we are threatened with suit by a third party, we may seek written assurances from you concerning your promise to indemnify us; your failure to provide those assurances shall be a breach of your Agreement and may result in deactivation of your domain name. This indemnification obligation will survive the termination or expiration of this agreement.

15. TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP. The person named as registrant on the WHOIS shall be the registered name holder. The person named as administrative contact at the time the controlling user name and password are secured shall be deemed to be the designate of the registrant with the authority to manage the domain name. You agree that prior to transferring ownership of your domain name to another person (the Transferee") you shall require the Transferee to agree in writing to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Agreement. Your domain name may not be transferred until we receive such written assurances or other reasonable assurance that the Transferee has been bound by the contractual terms of this Agreement (such reasonable assurance as determined by us in our sole discretion) along with the applicable transfer fee. If the Transferee fails to be bound in a reasonable fashion (as determine by us in our sole discretion) to the terms and conditions in this Agreement, any such transfer will be null and void. You acknowledge that you will not be entitled to change registrars during the first sixty (60) days following the registration of your domain name.

16. BREACH. You agree that failure to abide by any provision of this Agreement including but not limited to any failure to abide by the Nexus Requirements, any operating rule or policy or the Dispute Policy provided by us, may be considered by us to be a material breach and that we may provide a written notice, describing the breach, to you. If you fail to provide evidence, which is reasonably satisfactory to us, that you have not breached your obligations under the Agreement, then we may delete the registration or reservation of your domain name. Any such breach by you shall not be deemed to be excused simply because we did not act earlier in response to that, or any other breach by you.

17. NO GUARANTY. You acknowledge that registration or reservation of your chosen domain name does not confer immunity from objection to either the registration, reservation, or use of the domain name.

18. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. You agree that your use of our Services is solely at your own risk. You agree that such Service(s) is provided on an "as is," "as available" basis. We expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. We make no warranty that the Services will meet your requirements, or that the Service(s) will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor do we make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the Service(s) or as to the accuracy or reliability of any information obtained through the Service or that defects in the Service will be corrected. You understand and agree that any material and/or data downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Service is done at your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of such material and/or data. We make no warranty regarding any goods or services purchased or obtained through the Service or any transactions entered into through the Service. If you license use of the domain name, you nonetheless agree that you shall accept any and all liability for any harm caused by said licensed use and suffered by Tucows, the Registry Operator and/or the DOC. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from us or through the Service shall create any warranty not expressly made herein.

19. INFORMATION. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as such information changes such that our records are current, complete and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information:
  1. Your full name, postal address, e-mail address and telephone number and fax number (if available) (or, if different, that of the domain name holder);
  2. The domain name being registered;
  3. The name, postal address, e-mail address, and telephone number and fax number (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact, the technical contact and the billing contact for the domain name;
  4. The IP addresses and names of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver(s) for the domain name;
  5. In addition to the foregoing, you will be required to provide additional Nexus Information. The Nexus Information requirements are set out at http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/ustld_nexus_requirements.pdf. Any other information, which we request from you at registration, is voluntary. Any voluntary information we request is collected for the purpose of improving the products and services offered to you through your RSP.
20. DISCLOSURE AND USE OF REGISTRATION INFORMATION. You agree and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information you provide available to the DOC, to the Registry Operator, and to other third parties as applicable. You further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some, or all, of the domain name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through our WHOIS service) or other purposes as required or permitted by the DOC and applicable laws. You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of information provided by you in connection with the registration of a domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration information by us. You may access your domain name registration information in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us through your RSP. We will not process data about any identified or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement. We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized accessor disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.

21. REVOCATION. Your wilful provision of inaccurate or unreliable information, your wilful failure promptly to update information provided to us, or any failure to respond to inquiries by us addressed to the email address of the registrant, the administrative, billing or technical contact appearing in the "Whois" directory with respect to a domain name concerning the accuracy of contact details associated with the registration shall constitute a material breach of this Agreement and be a basis for cancellation of the domain name registration. Any information collected by us concerning an identified or identifiable natural person ("Personal Data") will be used in connection with the registration of your domain name(s) and for the purposes of this Agreement and as required or permitted by the DOC or Registry Operator policy.

22. RIGHT OF REFUSAL. We, and/or Registry Operator, in our sole discretion, reserve the right to refuse to register or reserve your chosen domain name or register you for other Services. In the event we do not register or reserve your domain name or register you for other Services, or we delete your domain name or other Services within such thirty (30) calendar day period, we agree to refund your applicable fee(s). You agree that we shall not be liable to you for loss or damages that may result from our refusal to register, reserve, or delete your domain name or register you for other Services. We reserve the right to delete or transfer your domain name following registration if we believe the registration has been made possible by a mistake, made either by us or by a third party. We also reserve the right to suspend a domain name during resolution of a dispute.

23. SEVERABILITY. You agree that the terms of this Agreement are severable. If any term or provision is declared invalid or unenforceable, that term or provision will be construed consistent with applicable law as nearly as possible to reflect the original intentions of the parties, and the remaining terms and provisions will remain in full force and effect. 24. NON-AGENCY. Nothing contained in this Agreement or the Dispute Policies shall be construed as creating any agency, partnership, or other form of joint enterprise between the parties.

25. NON-WAIVER. Our failure to require performance by you of any provision hereof shall not affect the full right to require such performance at any time thereafter; nor shall the waiver by us of a breach of any provision hereof be taken or held to be a waiver of the provision itself.

26. NOTICES. Any notice, direction or other communication given under this Agreement shall be in writing and given by sending it via e-mail or via postal service. In the case of e-mail, valid notice shall only have been deemed to be given when an electronic confirmation of delivery has been obtained by the sender. In the case of e-mail, notifications must be sent to us at lhutz@tucows.com, or in the case of notification to you, to the e-mail address provided by you in your WHOIS record. Any e-mail communication shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given on the date of such communication, if such date is a business day and such delivery was made prior to 4:00 p.m. EST, otherwise it will be deemed to have been delivered on the next business day. In the case of regular mail notice, valid notice shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given 5 business days after the date of mailing and, in the case of notification to us or to RSP shall be sent to:
Our address:
TUCOWS Inc.
96 Mowat Avenue
Toronto, Ontario
M6K 3M1
CANADA
Attention: Legal Affairs

and in the case of notification to you shall be to the address specified in the "Administrative Contact" in your WHOIS record

27. ENTIRETY. You agree that this Agreement, the rules and policies published by Tucows, the DOC and/or the Registry Operator and the Dispute Policy are the complete and exclusive agreement between you and us regarding our Services. This Agreement and the Dispute Policy supersede all prior agreements and understandings, whether established by custom, practice, policy or precedent.

28. GOVERNING LAW. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND INTERPRETED AND ENFORCED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF PROVINCE OF ONTARIO AND THE FEDERAL LAWS OF CANADA APPLICABLE THEREIN WITHOUT REFERENCE TO RULES GOVERNING CHOICE OF LAWS. ANY ACTION RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT MUST BE BROUGHT IN ONTARIO AND YOU IRREVOCABLY CONSENT TO THE JURISDICTION OF SUCH COURTS.

29. INFANCY. You attest that you are of legal age to enter into this Agreement.

30. ACCEPTANCE OF AGREEMENT. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ALL ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS. YOU HAVE INDEPENDENTLY EVALUATED THE DESIRABILITY OF THE SERVICE AND ARE NOT RELYING ON ANY REPRESENTATION AGREEMENT, GUARANTEE OR STATEMENT OTHER THAN AS SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT.

NAME Registration Agreement

OpenSRS
SCHEDULE A

Form of Registration Agreement


1. AGREEMENT. In this Registration Agreement ("Agreement") "you" and "your" refer to the registrant of each domain name registration and/or recipient of email forwarding services, "we", "us" and "our" refer to TUCOWS Inc., "Registry Operator" refers to The Global Name Registry Ltd. and "Services" refers to the domain name registration and email forwarding provided by us as offered through sackheads.org ("RSP"). This Agreement explains our obligations to you, and explains your obligations to us for various Services.

2. .name RESTRICTIONS. Registrations in the .name top-level domain must constitute an individual's "Personal Name". For purposes of the .name restrictions (the "Restrictions"), a "Personal Name" is a person's legal name, or a name by which the person is commonly known. A "name by which a person is commonly known" includes, without limitation, a pseudonym used by an author or painter, or a stage name used by a singer or actor.

3. .name REPRESENTATIONS. As a .name domain name Registrant, you hereby represent that:

(i) the registered domain name or second level domain ("SLD") email address is your Personal Name.

(ii) the data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, current and complete,

(iii) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;

(iv) that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;

(v) the registration satisfies the Eligibility Requirements found at
http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appf-03jul01.htm; and

(vi) you have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.

4. EMAIL FORWARDING SERVICES.

(i) The Services for which you have registered may, at your option, include email forwarding. To the extent you opt to use email forwarding, you are obliged to do so in accordance with all applicable legislation and are responsible for all use of email forwarding, including the content of messages sent through email forwarding.

(ii) You undertake to familiarize yourself with the content of and to comply with the generally accepted rules for Internet and email usage. This includes, but is not limited to the Acceptable Use Policy, available at http://www.theglobalname.org/ as well as the following restrictions. Without prejudice to the foregoing, you undertake not to use email forwarding:
(a) to encourage, allow or participate in any form of illegal or unsuitable activity, including but not restricted to the exchange of threatening, obscene or offensive messages, spreading computer viruses, breach of copyright and/or proprietary rights or publishing defamatory material;
(b) to gain illegal access to systems or networks by unauthorized access to or use of the data in systems or networks, including all attempts at guessing passwords, checking or testing the vulnerability of a system or network or breaching the security or access control without the sufficient approval of the owner of the system or network;
(c) to interrupt data traffic to other users, servers or networks, including, but not restricted to, mail bombing, flooding, Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, wilful attempts to overload another system or other forms of harassment; or
(d) for spamming, which includes, but is not restricted to, the mass mailing of unsolicited email, junk mail, the use of distribution lists (mailing lists) which include persons who have not specifically given their consent to be placed on such distribution list. Users are not permitted to provide false names or in any other way to pose as somebody else when using email forwarding.

(iii) Registry Operator reserves the right to implement additional anti-spam measures, to block spam or mail from systems with a history of abuse from entering Registry Operator's email forwarding. However, due to the nature of such systems, which actively block messages, Registry Operator shall make public any decision to implement such systems a reasonable time in advance, so as to allow you or us to give feedback on the decision.

(iv) You understand and agree that Registry Operator may delete material that does not conform to clause (c) above or that in some other way constitutes a misuse of email forwarding. You further understand and agree that Registry Operator is at liberty to block your access to email forwarding if you use email forwarding in a way that contravenes this Agreement. You will be given prior warning of discontinuation of the email forwarding unless it would damage the reputation of Registry Operator or jeopardize the security of Registry Operator or others to do so. Registry Operator reserves the right to immediately discontinue email forwarding without notice if the technical stability of email forwarding is threatened in any way, or if you are in breach of this Agreement. On discontinuing email forwarding, Registry Operator is not obliged to store any contents or to forward unsent email to you or a third party.

(v) You understand and agree that to the extent either we and/or Registry Operator is required by law to disclose certain information or material in connection with your email forwarding, either we and/or Registry Operator will do so in accordance with such requirement and without notice to you.

5. FEES. As consideration for the Services you have selected, you agree to pay the RSP the applicable service(s) fees. All fees payable hereunder are non-refundable. As further consideration for the Services, you agree to: (1) provide certain current, complete and accurate information about you as required by the registration process and (2) maintain and update this information as needed to keep it current, complete and accurate. All such information shall be referred to as account information ("Account Information"). By submitting this Agreement, you represent that the statements in your Application are true, complete and accurate.

6. TERM. This Agreement shall remain in full force during the length of the term of your domain name registration(s) as selected, recorded, and paid for upon registration of the domain name. Should you choose to renew or otherwise lengthen the term of your domain name registration, then the term of this Registration Agreement shall be extended accordingly. Should the domain name be transferred to another Registrar, the terms and conditions of this contract shall cease.

7. MODIFICATIONS TO AGREEMENT. You agree that we may in our sole discretion: (1) revise the terms and conditions of this Agreement; and (2) change the services provided under this Agreement. You agree to be bound by any such revision or change will which shall be effective immediately upon posting on our web site or upon notification to you by e-mail or your country's postal service pursuant to the Notices section of this Agreement. You agree to review this Agreement as posted on our web site periodically to maintain an awareness of any and all such revisions. If you do not agree with any revision to the Agreement, you may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing us with notice by e-mail or postal service pursuant to the Notices section of this Agreement. Notice of your termination shall be effective after processing by us. You agree that, by continuing the use of Services following notice of any revision to this Agreement or change in service(s), you shall be bound by any such revisions and changes. You further agree to be bound by the ICANN Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy ("Dispute Policy") as presently written and posted on http://www.opensrs.org/legal/udrp.shtml and as shall be amended from time to time. You acknowledge that if you do not agree to any such modifications, you may request that your domain name be deleted from the domain name database. We will not refund any fees paid by you if you terminate your agreement with us.

8. MODIFICATIONS TO YOUR ACCOUNT. In order to change any of your account information with us, you must use your Account Identifier and Password that you selected when you opened your account with us. You agree to safeguard your Account Identifier and Password from any unauthorized use. In no event shall we be liable for the unauthorized use or misuse of your Account Identifier or Password. You will not be able to transfer your domain name during the first sixty (60) days following registration of the domain name with us. Beginning on the sixty-first (61st) day following the registration, the policies set forth at: http://www.opensrs.org/dotname_info.shtml shall apply.

9. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTE POLICY. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.opensrs.org/legal/udrp.shtml. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy. In addition, you hereby acknowledge that you have read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement.

(i) the Eligibility Requirements (the "Eligibility Requirements"), available at http://www.icann.org.tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appl-03jul01.htm;

(ii) the Eligibility Requirements Dispute Resolution Policy (the "ERDRP"), available at http://www.icann.org.tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appm-03jul01.htm; and

(iii) the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "UDRP"), available at http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appm-03jul01.htm.

The Eligibility Requirements dictate that Personal Name domain names and Personal Name SLD email addresses will be granted on a first-come, first-served basis, except for registrations granted as a result of a dispute resolution proceeding or during the landrush procedures in connection with the opening of the Registry TLD. The following categories of Personal Name Registrations may be registered: (i) the Personal Name of an individual; (ii) the Personal Name of a fictional character, if you have trademark or service make rights in that character's Personal Name; (iii) in addition to a Personal Name registration, you may add numeric characters to the beginning or the end of the Personal Name so as to differentiate it from other Personal Names.

The ERDRP applies to challenges to (i) registered domain names and SLD email address registrations within .name on the grounds that a Registrant does not meet the Eligibility Requirements, and (ii) to Defensive Registrations (as defined by the Registry Operator) within .name.

The UDRP sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between a Registrant and party other than Global Name Registry ("Registry Operator") or Registrar over the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered by a Registrant.

10. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTE POLICY MODIFICATIONS. You agree that we, in our sole discretion, may modify our dispute policy. We will post any such revised policy on our Web site at least thirty (30) calendar days before it becomes effective. You agree that, by maintaining the reservation or registration of your domain name or SLD email address after modifications to the dispute policy become effective, you have agreed to these modifications. You acknowledge that if you do not agree to any such modification, you may terminate this Agreement. We will not refund any fees paid by you if you terminate your Agreement with us.

11. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTES. You agree that, if your use of our domain name registration services is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified in our dispute policy in effect at the time of the dispute. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth below in this agreement. If we are notified that a complaint has been filed with a judicial or administrative body regarding your use of our domain name registration services, you agree not to make any changes to your domain name record without our prior approval. We may not allow you to make changes to such domain name record until (i) we are directed to do so by the judicial or administrative body, or (ii) we receive notification by you and the other party contesting your registration and use of our domain name registration services that the dispute has been settled. Furthermore, you agree that if you are subject to litigation regarding your registration and use of our domain name registration services, we may deposit control of your domain name record into the Registry of the judicial body by supplying a party with a Registrar certificate from us.

12. POLICY. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Tucows, Registry Operator, ICANN or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with an ICANN or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or the applicable Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name.

13. AGENCY. Should you intend to license use of a domain name to a third party you shall nonetheless be the domain name holder of record and are therefore responsible for providing your own full contact information and for providing and updating accurate technical and administrative contact information adequate to facilitate timely resolution of any problems that arise in connection with the domain name. You shall accept liability for harm caused by wrongful use of the domain name. You represent that you have provided notice of the terms and conditions in this Agreement to a third party licensee and that the third party agrees to the terms hereof.

14. ANNOUNCEMENTS. We reserve the right to distribute information to you that is pertinent to the quality or operation of our services and those of our service partners. These announcements will be predominately informative in nature and may include notices describing changes, upgrades, new products or other information to add security or to enhance your identity on the Internet.

15. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. You agree that our entire liability, and your exclusive remedy, with respect to any Services(s) provided under this Agreement and any breach of this Agreement is solely limited to the amount you paid for such Service(s). Neither we nor our contractors or third party beneficiaries shall be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages resulting from the use or inability to use any of the Services or for the cost of procurement of substitute services. Because some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, in such jurisdictions, our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law. We disclaim any and all loss or liability resulting from, but not limited to: (1) loss or liability resulting from access delays or access interruptions; (2) loss or liability resulting from data non-delivery or data miss-delivery; (3) loss or liability resulting from acts of God; (4) loss or liability resulting from the unauthorized use or misuse of your account identifier or password; (5) loss or liability resulting from errors, omissions, or misstatements in any and all information or services(s) provided under this Agreement; (6) loss or liability resulting from the interruption of your Service. You agree that we will not be liable for any loss of registration and use of your domain name, or for interruption of business, or any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages. In no event shall our maximum liability exceed five hundred ($500.00) dollars.

You agree that neither we nor the Registry Operator will have any liability of any kind for any loss or liability resulting from (i) the processing of registration requests prior to live SRS launch, including, without limitation, your ability or inability to obtain a .name domain name or SLD email address registration using these processes; or (ii) any dispute over any .name domain name, SLD email address, Defensive Registration or NameWatch Registration (as defined by the Registry Operator), including the decision of any dispute resolution proceeding related to any of the foregoing.

16. INDEMNITY. You agree to release, indemnify, and hold us, the Registry Operator, our contractors, agents, employees, officers, directors, affiliates and third party beneficiaries harmless from all liabilities, claims and expenses, including attorney's fees, of third parties relating to or arising out of or relating to the domain name registered under this Agreement, the Services provided hereunder or your use of the Services, including without limitation infringement by you, or someone else using the Service of any intellectual property or other proprietary right of any person or entity, or from the violation of any of our operating rules or policy relating to the Service(s) provided. You also agree to release, indemnify and hold both us and the Registry Operator harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the Dispute Policies. When we are threatened with suit by a third party, we may seek written assurances from you concerning your promise to indemnify us; your failure to provide those assurances shall be a breach of your Agreement and may result in deactivation of your domain name. This indemnification obligation will survive the termination or expiration of this Agreement.

17. TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP. The person named as registrant on the WHOIS shall be the registered name holder. The person named as administrative contact at the time the controlling user name and password are secured shall be deemed the designate of the registrant with the authority to manage the domain name. You agree that prior to transferring ownership of your domain name to another person (the Transferee") you shall require the Transferee to agree in writing to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Agreement. Your domain name will not be transferred until we receive such written assurances or other reasonable assurance that the Transferee has been bound by the contractual terms of this Agreement (such reasonable assurance as determined by us in our sole discretion) along with the applicable transfer fee. If the Transferee fails to be bound in a reasonable fashion (as determine by us in our sole discretion) to the terms and conditions in this Agreement, any such transfer will be null and void. You acknowledge that you will not be entitled to change registrars during the first sixty (60) days following the registration of your domain name.

18. BREACH. You agree that failure to abide by any provision of this Agreement, any operating rule or policy or the Dispute Policy provided by us, may be considered by us to be a material breach and that we may provide a written notice, describing the breach, to you. If you fail to provide evidence, which is reasonably satisfactory to us, that you have not breached your obligations under the Agreement, then we may delete the registration or reservation of your domain name. Any such breach by you shall not be deemed to be excused simply because we did not act earlier in response to that, or any other breach by you.

19. NO GUARANTY. You acknowledge that registration or reservation of your chosen domain name does not confer immunity from objection to either the registration, reservation, or use of the domain name.

20. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. You agree that your use of our Services is solely at your own risk. You agree that such Service(s) is provided on an "as is," "as available" basis. We expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. We make no warranty that the Services will meet your requirements, or that the Service(s) will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor do we make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the Service(s) or as to the accuracy or reliability of any information obtained through the Service or that defects in the Service will be corrected. You understand and agree that any material and/or data downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Service is done at your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of such material and/or data. We make no warranty regarding any goods or services purchased or obtained through the Service or any transactions entered into through the Service. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from us or through the Service shall create any warranty not expressly made herein.

21. INFORMATION. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as such information changes such that our records are current, complete and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information:

(i) Your full name, postal address, e-mail address and voice telephone number and fax number (if available) (or, if different, that of the domain name holder);

(ii) The domain name being registered;

(iii) The name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice telephone number and fax number (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact, the technical contact and the billing contact for the domain name;

(iv) The IP addresses and names of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver(s) for the domain name.

You acknowledge and agree that the foregoing registration data will be publicly available and accessible on the Whois directory as required by ICANN and may be sold in bulk in accordance with ICANN policy. You further understand and agree that the foregoing registration data may be transferred internationally.

22. DISCLOSURE AND USE OF REGISTRATION INFORMATION. You agree and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information you provide available to ICANN, to the registry administrators, and to other third parties as applicable. You further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some, or all, of the domain name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through our WHOIS service) or other purposes as required or permitted by ICANN and applicable laws.

You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of information provided by you in connection with the registration of a domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration information by us.

You may access your domain name registration information in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us through your RSP.

We will not process data about any identified or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement.

We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized accessor disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.

23. REVOCATION. Your wilful provision of inaccurate or unreliable information, your wilful failure promptly to update information provided to us, or any failure to respond to inquiries by us addressed to the email address of the registrant, the administrative, billing or technical contact appearing in the "Whois" directory with respect to a domain name concerning the accuracy of contact details associated with the your registration shall constitute a material breach of this Agreement and be a basis for cancellation of the domain name registration. Any information collected by us concerning an identified or identifiable natural person ("Personal Data") will be used in connection with the registration of your domain name(s) and for the purposes of this Agreement and as required or permitted by the ICANN Agreement or an ICANN/Registry Operator policy.

24. RIGHT OF REFUSAL. We, and/or Registry Operator, in our sole discretion, reserve the right to refuse to register or reserve your chosen domain name or register you for other Services, to protect the integrity and stability of the Registry, to comply with any applicable laws, government rules or requirements, requests of law enforcement, in compliance with the dispute resolution process, or to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on our part and/or that of the Registry Operator, as well as our affiliates, subsidiaries, officers, directors and employees. We and the Registry Operator reserve the right to suspend a domain name during the resolution of a dispute.

In the event we do not register or reserve your domain name or register you for other Services, or we delete your domain name or other Services within a thirty (30) calendar day period, we agree to refund your applicable fee(s). You agree that we shall not be liable to you for loss or damages that may result from our refusal to register, reserve, or delete your domain name or register you for other Services.

25. We reserve the right to delete or transfer your domain name following registration if we believe the registration has been made possible by a mistake, made either by us or by a third party.

26. SEVERABILITY. You agree that the terms of this Agreement are severable. If any term or provision is declared invalid or unenforceable, that term or provision will be construed consistent with applicable law as nearly as possible to reflect the original intentions of the parties, and the remaining terms and provisions will remain in full force and effect.

27. NON-AGENCY. Nothing contained in this Agreement or the Dispute Policies shall be construed as creating any agency, partnership, or other form of joint enterprise between the parties.

28. NON-WAIVER. Our failure to require performance by you of any provision hereof shall not affect the full right to require such performance at any time thereafter; nor shall the waiver by us of a breach of any provision hereof be taken or held to be a waiver of the provision itself.

29. NOTICES. Any notice, direction or other communication given under this Agreement shall be in writing and given by sending it via e-mail or via postal service. In the case of e-mail, valid notice shall only have been deemed to be given when an electronic confirmation of delivery has been obtained by the sender. In the case of e-mail, notifications must be sent to us at lhutz@tucows.com, or in the case of notification to you, to the e-mail address provided by you in your WHOIS record. Any e-mail communication shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given on the date of such communication, if such date is a business day and such delivery was made prior to 4:00 p.m. EST, otherwise it will be deemed to have been delivered on the next business day. In the case of regular mail notice, valid notice shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given 5 business days after the date of mailing and, in the case of notification to us or to RSP shall be sent to:

Our address:

TUCOWS Inc.
96 Mowat Avenue
Toronto, Ontario
M6K 3M1
Attention: Legal Affairs

and in the case of notification to you shall be to the address specified in the "Administrative Contact" in your WHOIS record

30. ENTIRETY. You agree that this Agreement, the rules and policies published by Tucows, ICANN and/or the Registry Operator and the Dispute Policy are the complete and exclusive agreement between you and us regarding our Services. This Agreement and the Dispute Policy supersede all prior agreements and understandings, whether established by custom, practice, policy or precedent.

31. GOVERNING LAW. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND INTERPRETED AND ENFORCED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF PROVINCE OF ONTARIO AND THE FEDERAL LAWS OF CANADA APPLICABLE THEREIN WITHOUT REFERENCE TO RULES GOVERNING CHOICE OF LAWS. ANY ACTION RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT MUST BE BROUGHT IN ONTARIO AND YOU IRREVOCABLY CONSENT TO THE JURISDICTION OF SUCH COURTS.

32. INFANCY. You attest that you are of legal age to enter into this Agreement.

33. ACCEPTANCE OF AGREEMENT. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ALL ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS. YOU HAVE INDEPENDENTLY EVALUATED THE DESIRABILITY OF THE SERVICE AND ARE NOT RELYING ON ANY REPRESENTATION AGREEMENT, GUARANTEE OR STATEMENT OTHER THAN AS SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT.

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